Tachi Parts and terminology

Tachi Parts and terminology

In the world of Tachi, it is important to know the vocabulary of this world, because only Japanese words are used! But don't worry, this page will help you find your way around and learn some Japanese words at the same time! 
Detailed explanation of various parts of Japanese sword Tachi


SHIZUJIJANAMONO  The cap at the bottom of the scabbard is usually made of animal horn or metal

KASHIWABA  Leaf-shaped projection on the metal decoration near shizujijanamono on the scabbard

SEMEKANAMONO  Metal decoration on scabbard near shizujijanamono

ASHIKANAMONO   The tachi scabbard has two metal rings (one near the scabbard mouth called "one foot" and the other called "two feet") that are interwoven and woven with ropes to make it easy to carry.

SAYA  Sheath

MON   Emblems

TACHIO  Connect the straps between two taikogawa

TAIKOGAWA  It is used to pass through tachio and tie it around the waist. Generally, in order to ensure the strength, some reinforcing fittings will be added

TAIKOGANE  Metal buckle on taikogawa 

ASHIGAWA  Pass taichio through here to make it easy to wear at the waist. TAIKOGAWA, which decorates the sword, is usually folded into a rope with thin leather 

KAWASAKIKANAMONO  A small piece of metal connecting the ribbon with ashikanamono

TSUBA  Hand guard between handle and blade 

TASUKA  handle 

A.SAKIKASANE  Thickness of blade tip.

B.MOTOKASANE Thickness of the bottom of the blade.

C.KISSAKI NAGASA  Length of tip.

D.SAKIHABA  Width of blade tip.

E.MUNE  The surface of the katana back.

F.MOTOHABA  Width of bottom of blade.

G.MUNEMACHI  The notch at the top of the blade stem,where the back surface (mune) of the blade begins.

H.HAMACHI  A notch at the top of the blade,where the blade begins.

I.FUKURA  The radian of the blade in the tip area.

J.BOSHI  Blade text in the tip area.

K.YOKOTE  The boundary between blade tip and blade body.

L.KOSHINOGI  Shinogi-ji above the blade tip area (yokote).

M. MITSUKADO  Intersection point of yokote and blade edge of blade body and blade edge of tool tip.

N.SHINOGI MITSUKADO  Shinogi,Koshinogi und Yokote linien.

O.SHINOGI-JI  Blade surface between shinogi and mune.

P.SHINOGI  A chear straight line extending along the longitudinal direction of the blade is the thickest part of the blade (only appearing on katana of shinogi-zakuri) .

Q.JI  The surface between shinogi and nioiguchi.

R.HA  The edge area of the cutter body is hardened by quenching.

S.HASAKI  Asharpened edge.

T.NIOIGUCHI  A clear line separating the hardened blade from the softer part of the blqde body.

U.ASHI  Nioiguchi's extension line in the direction of the blade.

V.HACHO  A straight line that determines the length of the blade.

W.SORI  Degree of blade bending.

X.ZENCHO  The total length of the katana,including the stem (the blade length is only the blade body).

Y.NAKAGO NACASA  Length of katana stem.

Z.MAKUGIANA  A hole in the shank for receiving Mekugi (bamboo nail for fixing the blade in the handle).

AA,MEI  Inscription on the hilt (usually the name of the katana maker,but there are often other information).


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