guntō parts and terminology

In the world of gunto, it is important to know the vocabulary of this world, because only Japanese words are used! But don't worry, this page will help you find your way around and learn some Japanese words at the same time! 

Saber parts and terminology

Detailed terminology for various parts of the Type 98 gunto (kyuhachi shiki gunto) in World War II

Kabuto-gane  Metal accessories on the handle head
Sarute  The metal ring on Kabuto-Gane
Menuki  Metal ornaments on both sides of the handle
Samekawa  Sticker for the handle of a japanese sword 
Fuchi  The ring at the base of the handle has a hole for the knife stem to pass through. 
Tsuba  Hand guard between handle and blade.
Habaki  collar of the blade.
Tosho  A ribbon hanging from the blade handle Sarute
Saya  scabbard
Kuchigane  Sheath openingAshi  Metal accessories placed on the scabbard near kuchigane
Haikan  Metal protrusions on Ashi
Obi-tori  Metal ring on Haikan
Semegane  The second metal accessory placed on the scabbard near the bottom
Ishizuki  The cap at the bottom of the scabbard


Saber parts and terminology

The terminology of various parts of the cavalry sword

 ww2 katana Names of various parts of the blade

A.SAKIKASANE  Thickness of blade tip.

B.MOTOKASANE Thickness of the bottom of the blade.

C.KISSAKI NAGASA  Length of tip.

D.SAKIHABA  Width of blade tip.

E.MUNE  The surface of the katana back.

F.MOTOHABA  Width of bottom of blade.

G.MUNEMACHI  The notch at the top of the blade stem,where the back surface (mune) of the blade begins.

H.HAMACHI  A notch at the top of the blade,where the blade begins.

I.FUKURA  The radian of the blade in the tip area.

J.BOSHI  Blade text in the tip area.

K.YOKOTE  The boundary between blade tip and blade body.

L.KOSHINOGI  Shinogi-ji above the blade tip area (yokote).

M. MITSUKADO  Intersection point of yokote and blade edge of blade body and blade edge of tool tip.

N.SHINOGI MITSUKADO  Shinogi,Koshinogi und Yokote linien.

O.SHINOGI-JI  Blade surface between shinogi and mune.

P.SHINOGI  A chear straight line extending along the longitudinal direction of the blade is the thickest part of the blade (only appearing on katana of shinogi-zakuri) .

Q.JI  The surface between shinogi and nioiguchi.

R.HA  The edge area of the cutter body is hardened by quenching.

S.HASAKI  Asharpened edge.

T.NIOIGUCHI  A clear line separating the hardened blade from the softer part of the blqde body.

U.ASHI  Nioiguchi's extension line in the direction of the blade.

V.HACHO  A straight line that determines the length of the blade.

W.SORI  Degree of blade bending.

X.ZENCHO  The total length of the katana,including the stem (the blade length is only the blade body).

Y.NAKAGO NACASA  Length of katana stem.

Z.MAKUGIANA  A hole in the shank for receiving Mekugi (bamboo nail for fixing the blade in the handle).

AA,MEI  Inscription on the hilt (usually the name of the katana maker,but there are often other information).